It is a south Indian state is framed for its Dravidian- Style Hindu temples. In Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple has high GOPURAM towers ornamented with colorful figures. On Pamban Island, Ramanathaswamy temple is a pilgrimage site. The town of Kanyakumari at India’s southernmost tip is the site of ritual sunrises. Its capital and largest city is Chennai formally known as Madras.
The state shares a maritime border with the nation of Sri Lanka; its official language is Tamil, Which is one of the longest surviving classical languages in the world. Tamil Nadu is home to many natural resources. Its people have developed and continue classical arts, classical music and classical literature.
The early history of the people and rulers of Tamil Nadu is a topic in Tamil Literary sources known as Sangam literature. Numismatic, archaeological and literary sources corroborate that the sangam period lasted for about six centuries from 300 BC to AD 300.
Three dynasties, namely the Chera, Chola and Pandya, ruled the area of present-day Tamil Nadu and Kerala. The Chera ruled the whole of present kerala and parts of western Tamil Nadu comprising Coimbatore, Dharmapuri, Karur, Salem and Erode.
Chola dynasty ruled the northern and central parts of Tamil Nadu from their capital Uraiyur and the Pandya dynasty ruled southern Tamil Nadu, from capitals at Korkai and Madurai. These three dynasties the sangam era Tamilakam was also divided into various provinces named ‘nadu’ meaning country. Sangam literature refers these provinces as ‘Koduntamil mandalam’ which were not exactly political or socio-culture units but linguistic agglomerations like Kongu Nadu, Puzhi Nadu, Thondai Nadu, Nanjil Nadu, Ay Nadu and Venadu.
The period of 3rd and 6th centuries rules referred to as the ‘Dark Age’ in Tamil History and little is known about it. The kalabhras were expelled by the Pallavas, Mutharaiyar, Badami Chalukyas and Pandyas.
The Governor is the constitutional head of the state while the Chief Minister is the head of the government and the head of the council of ministers. The chief justices of the Madras High Court is the head of the judiciary. The present Governor, Chief Minister and Chief Justies are Vidyasagar Rao (acting Governor), Edappadi K.Palaniswami and justice Sanjay Kishan Kaul respectively. Administratively the state is divided into 32 districts.
Tamil Nadu had a bicameral legislature until 1986, when ir was replaced with a unicameral legislature, like most other states in India. The term length of the government is five years. The present government is headed by Edappadi K. Palaniswami after the demise of former chief minister of Tamil Nadu J. Jayalalitha of the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam. The Tamil Nadu legislative assembly is housed at the Fort St. George in Chennai.
Tamil Nadu is subdivided into 32 districts, administered by a District Collector who is a member in Indian Administrative Service (IAS) appointed by state Government. Districts are further divided into 226 Taluks administrated by Tahsildars comprising 1127 Revenue areas. Cities and towns are administrated by Municipal corporations. The urban bodies include 12 city corporations, 125 municipalities and 529 town panchqyats. The rural bodies include 31 district panchayats, 385 panchayats unions and 12524 village panchayats.