History of Pudukkottai

King’s Palace of Pudukottai

 

 

 

 

 

 

This city was founded by Raghunath Raja of Tondaimandalam.

Pudukkottai District is a district of Tamil Nadu state in southern India. The city of Pudukkottai is the district headquarters. It is also known colloquially as Pudhugai.

Major villages in Pudukkottai

Karambakkudi

Alangudi

Aranthangi

Thirumayam

Ponnamaravathi

Gandarvakottai

Avudaiyarkoil

Manamelkudi

Kulathur

Iluppur.

Nearest city Trichy, Tanjore
Present Collector ‎S. Ganesh, IAS

 

Telephone code 04322

 

Area 4,663 km2

Pudukkottai district origin from two districts of trichy and Tanjore, when it is separate from on 14th January 1974.it is composed two revenue divisions Pudukkottai & Aranthangi and nine Taluks and 765 revenue villages. This district was a home of of pre historic man & presence of large number of burial sites found in the northen and western part of the district attest this fact. The great deal on the monsoon for its water supply.

A sketch of history is given in order to mixed legacy of antiquites, monuments, epigraphs, etc,. there are many lithic records known in the south. Sangam Tamil literature mention the place Oliyamangalam in thirumayam Taluk is called as Ollaiyur in Purananuru. It was the native place of poet Ollaiyur Kilan Mahan Perumchattan and Ollaiyur Thantha Budha Pandyan. Agananuru also mention Ollaiyur.

The Ambukkovil referred as Alumbil in Agananuru. Avur is native place of Avurkilar, Avur Mulamkilar. Erich is ancient Erichalur, this village in betwwen Pudukkottai to Aranthangi road, it was home place of poet Madalan Madurai Kumaranar. Avayapatti is traditionally associated with Avvaiyar.

Karukkakurichi is a treasure more than 500 Roman Gold & Silver coins imperial at the village. Adjoining with mimisal and saliyur area. It is a roman trade center and inland trade route between Western and Eastern port. Chain of roman hoard site luke Korkai, Kilakkarai, Alangulam on eastern sea coast.

From about the end of fourth century many other parts of Tamil Nadu under Kalabhras. It must have come under King Kurran, as on a monument of whom has been found in Pulangurichi near Ponnamaravathy Taluk in pudukkottai district. The poem Pandimandala Sathakam states the river Vellar and its boundary separating the terrains of Cholas & Pandyas. The dividing line called Konadu & Kanadu. The presence of monuments ruler of dynasty in kudumiyanmalai, Thirukokarnam and Sithannavasal.

The best monument at sithannavasal in the reign of srimara srivallaba and kudumiyanmalai in the reign of Kochadayan Ranadheerran or Sadayan Maran. Thirukokarnam & Nirpalani in the reign of Nedunchadayan

The success of pallava Monument in Kunnandarkovil, Malayadipatti and Rasalipatti. Thevaram mention several temple in this district, 3 Nayanmargal were  Idangaliyanar from Kodumbalur, PerumiZhalai Kurumbanayanar and Devarmalai, Kulachirai Nayanar from manamelgudi.

It is a seat for civil war,  Singalars army engaged itself in the war part of the district & burnt down the 3 storeyed palace at ponnamaravathy. This civil war disastrous to cholas.

The history of the district after the fall of Cholas could not be told in detail for the records are comparatively minimal..  The Pandyas of the second empire spread their influence in the district gradually. The 2 monuments related to the Sultans period of Madurai such as Rangiem and Panaiyur. Chola & pandya came to occupy the region on river Cauvery  at Kannanur (called now Samayapuram).

After The ruling ancestor was Thondaimans. Pudukkottai is also called as Samasthanam. Veerapandiya Kattabomman was captured by thondaiman soldiers near thirumayam and handed over to English admistration at Madurai then hanged at Kayattar Kottai. The pudukkulam is a big lake creation of Seshaiah Satri.

‎ It extended for 52 miles (84 km) from east to west and 41 miles (66 km) from north to south. The state was bounded by Trichy  district to the west, tanjore district  to the east and south-east and Sivagangai district east of Madurai district to the south.

Major Places in Pudukkottai

 

Sittannavasal

This is a famous rock cut cave temple built by jain monks around the 7th– 9th century AD.The cave temple is home to exquisitely Carved sculptures and paintings made by the jain monks.

 

Thirumayam Fort

This fort was established by sethupathi vijaya Ragunatha thevar,  the Rajah of Ramanathapuram. It is locally called Oomayan kottai or fort of the dump, referring to Oomayan- the younger brother of a local chieftain veerapandiya kattabomman. It is said that kattabomman and his brother hid inside this fort during the struggle against the Britishers. The fort is also home to rock cut temple dedicated to sri sathyamurthy- Sri Uyyavanda Nachiar and Sri Sathyagireeswarar- Sri Venuvaneeswari.

Government Museum

This is the second largest museum of Tamil Nadu after Government Museum, Chennai. The museum is divided into sections convering zoology, geology, paintings, anthropology, epigraphy.  Rare ancient stone and Bronze sculptures are  placed in this museum.

Avudaiyarkovil

This Place isn’t exactly in Pudukkottai, but is 50kms from the place. It is popular for its temples dedicated to lord shiva.Ther’s also a temple dedicated to saint Manikkavasakar- a popular saint of the Shaivite movement.

The place is also known for its connection with Chettinadu Culture, especially the cuisine that makes exotic spices and meat.

Sri Kokaraneshwara Temple

This temple is believed to be built by Maharaja Mahendravarman of the pallava dynasty. This cave temple is cut from rocks and is in honour of sri Kokaraneshwarar and his consort brahadambal, The place is famous among the local Hindu population and by tourist exploring chettinadu.



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